The Proof of the Second Case of the Inscribed Angle Theorem

In December last year, we have proved one case of the Inscribed Angle Theorem. In this post, we prove the second case. Note that the order of the cases does not matter; we just placed ordinal numbers to distinguish one from the other.

inscribed angle theorem

Recall that the first case of the theorem involved drawing an auxiliary line. We drew a line segment passing through the center. In this case, one of the sides of the triangle is passing through the center, so it is not possible to repeat this strategy. However, we will use another line to prove the theorem.

Given

Angle ABC is inscribed in circle O.

Prove

m \angle ABC = \frac{1}{2}m \widehat{AC}

Proof

Draw \overline{OA}.  Since triangle AOD is isosceles (why?),

m \angle A = m \angle B.

If we let the measured of these angles be equal to x, then by the Exterior Angle Theorem, m \angle AOC = 2x.

inscribed angle theorem proof

Since the measure of an arc is equal to the measure of its central angle, m \widehat{AC} = 2x which is equal to twice the measure of \angle B.

Solving for m \angle B, we have

m \angle B = \frac{1}{2} m \widehat {AC}

which is what we want to prove.

In the next post, we prove the third and final case. Stay tuned. 🙂

 

Note: In the notation above, m \widehat{AC} means measure of arc AC.

 

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