Diagonals of Parallelogram Bisect Each Other

In  this post, we show that the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other. We will use the fact that the diagonal of a parallelogram is a transversal to the opposite sides of the parallelogram. The transversal and the sides form congruent alternate interior angles. Recall that the alternate interior angles formed by a transversal and parallel lines are congruent.

parallelogra-diagonals

Given

Parallelogram $latex ABCD$ with diagonals $latex \overline{AC}$ and $latex \overline{BD}$. 

What to Show

$latex \overline{AO} \cong \overline{OC}$ and $latex \overline{BO} \cong \overline{OD}$.

Proof

$latex \angle OAB \cong \angle OCD$ because they are alternate interior angles of parallel lines that pass through $latex \overline {AB}$ and $latex \overline {CD}$ cut by the  transversal $latex \overline{AC}$ (A).

$latex \overline{AB} \cong \overline{CD}$ because opposite sides of a parallelogram are congruent (S).

$latex \angle ABO \cong \angle ODC$ because they are alternate interior angles of parallel lines that pass through $latex \overline {AB}$ and $latex \overline {CD}$ cut by the  transversal $latex \overline{BD}$ (A).

By ASA Triangle Congruence theorem, $latex \triangle AOB \cong \triangle COD$.

$latex \overline{AO} \cong \overline{OC}$ and $latex \overline{BO} \cong \overline{OD}$ because corresponding sides of congruent triangles are congruent.

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